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Women Writers In Francophone A (french
In the rapidly growing field of African literature in French, writing by women has largely been ignored. This book, the first comprehensive study of women's writing in francophone sub-Saharan Africa, redressess the critical imbalance and celebrates the originality of this fascinating new literature.
Considering questions of genre and ideology, the author highlights the tension between the individualistic act of writing and the collective tradition of African society - a tension which emerges as the key to each of the texts discussed. Focusing on four major authors - Mariama Bâ, Aminata Sow Fall, Werewere Liking and Calixthe Beyala, each with an international reputation - the book uses a feminist approach to consider the duality of the African woman, who is often torn between modernity and tradition. This duality, the author suggests, is reconfigured through fictional writings which provide a space for alternative female subjectivities to emerge.
Fundamentals Of Phonetics
For courses in phonetics and linguistics for speech and hearing students (Communications Sciences and Disorders)
Introduce students to the fundamentals of linguistic phonetics, designed to help students become proficient in phonetics and phonetic transcription.
This clear, systematic, easy-to-understand text provides speech and hearing students with a thorough understanding of phonetics principles through practice. Fundamentals of Phonetics uses in-text exercises and supplemental audio recordings to teach the practical skills necessary to successfully perform phonetic transcription of individuals using the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). Students learn about the transcription of consonants and vowels, connected speech, and individuals with speech sound disorders. A chapter on speech acoustics introduces spectrograms and the acoustic characteristics of speech sounds. Students also learn how to transcribe individuals who display regional and ethnic dialectal variation of speech, including those who have learned to speak English as a second language. Throughout the text are included chapter objectives, learning exercises, in-class and take-home assignments, online resources, and study questions that will help students learn, process, and practice the material presented in the text.
Note: This text does not come with the audio cd. To order the audio CD, use ISBN 013403306X. To order the audio CD packaged with this text, use ISBN 0134204816.
A Panjabi Phonetic Reader
THIS Reader is intended to help those wishing to acquire a colloquial knowledge of Panjabi.
The pronunciation of the language is here for the first time represented on strictly phonetic principles without regard to the affinities of the words with cognate words of other languages. This is the method recommended by our foremost language teachers, and now widely used in England in connexion with the teaching of French and other European languages. The method has the approval of the Board of Education (see Circular No. 797, a memorandum on methods of Modern Language Teaching issued in 1912, Â§Â§ 36, 37).
The system of transcription used is that of the International Phonetic Association, this being the alphabet almost universally adopted in England in those schools and colleges where languages are taught on phonetic principles. The success with which the adoption of this system has been attended in connexion with European languages is ample justification for its introduction to a language to which it is new.
The criticisms of phonetic methods by some who have had no experience of these methods render it desirable to point out that the object of phonetic transcription is not to teach the student how to form speech sounds; its object is to teach him how to use the right sound in the right place in connected speech. The formation of the isolated sounds is best learned by careful imitation coupled with a knowledge of phonetic theory (that is, a study of the positions of the organs of speech in forming the correct sounds) and the practice of suitable phonetic exercises.
Mr. Grahame Bailey's unique qualifications for writing such a reader as the present are well-known to most of those interested in the Panjabi language. But for the benefit of those who may not already have heard of his work it may be mentioned that he is one of those very rare Englishmen who can speak an Indian language exactly like a native, and that he is the author of the Northern Panjabi translation of the New Testament and joint author of the only existing Northern Panjabi grammar.
Testimony as to the accuracy, of Mr. Bailey's work is therefore needless. It may, however, interest readers to know that I had an opportunity, when in Lahore in January 1913, of testing one of his phonetic texts with some native Panjabis; the text was pronounced by them to be absolutely correct, and they expressed great astonishment when they learned that it had been prepared by an Englishman.
International Economic Law After The Global Crisis
This collection explores the theme of fragmentation within international economic law as the world emerges from the 2008 global financial crisis, the subsequent recession and the European sovereign debt crisis which began in early 2010. The post-crisis 'moment' itself forms a contemporary backdrop to the book's focus on fragmentation as it traces the evolution of the international economic system from the original Bretton Woods design in the aftermath of the Second World War to the present time. The volume covers issues concerning monetary cooperation, trade and finance, trade and its linkages, international investment law, intellectual property protection and climate change. By connecting a broad, cross-disciplinary survey of international economic law with contemporary debate over international norm and authority fragmentation, the book demonstrates that this has been essentially a fragmented and multi-focal system of international economic regulation.
A Dictionary Of Phonetics And Phonology
Written for students of linguistics, applied linguistics and speech therapy, this dictionary covers over 2,000 terms in phonetics and phonology. In addition to providing a comprehensive, yet concise, guide to an enormous number of individual terms, it also includes an explanation of the most important theoretical approaches to phonology. Its usefulness as a reference tool is further enhanced by the inclusion of pronunciations, notational devices and symbols, earliest sources of terms, suggestions for further reading, and advice with regard to usage.
The wide range of topics explained include:
* Classical phonology, including American Structuralism and the Prague School
* Contemporary approaches, including Autosegmental Phonology, Metrical Phonology, Dependency Phonology, Government Phonology and Lexical Phonology
* Prosodic ideas in phonology, both traditional and contemporary ^ * * historical phonology
* Intonation and tonology
This dictionary devotes space to the various theoretical approaches in proportion to their importance, but it concentrates most heavily on non-theory-bound descriptive terminology. It will remain a definitive reference for years to come.
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